On some Linux machines with certain Intel graphics cards, problematic graphics drivers crash Mathematica. The crashes commonly happen when rotating 3D graphics. Starting Mathematica with Mesa, an open-source 3D graphics library, prevents the crash.

  1. To see what graphics card is on the computer, evaluate SystemInformation[] in Mathematica:

    A dialog appears with your computer’s system information. Navigate to Devices ► Graphics Subsystem: OpenGL

  2. To prevent the crash, start Mathematica in a special mode that uses Mesa graphics. Start it in the terminal with the mesa flag:
    mathematica -mesa

    This prevents crashes caused by some open-source drivers.

  3. Alternatively, try reverting to an older version of the graphics driver, or update once a new driver becomes available.